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Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology - Evaluation of three-dimensional SonoAVC ultrasound for antr


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| March 10, 2017

Abstract
Background: Several studies have reported a correlation between antral follicle count by conventional 2D transvaginal sonography and serum anti-Müllerian hormone levels. However, few studies have investigated the effectiveness of 3D SonoAVC transvaginal ultrasound technology, particularly in infertile women. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the usefulness of three-dimensional (3D) SonoAVC transvaginal ultrasound technology for antral follicle count and its correlation to conventional two-dimensional (2D) transvaginal ultrasound and serum levels of anti-Müllerian hormone in infertile women.
Methods: This cross-sectional study included 42 infertile women with age lower than 40 years that underwent treatment at a private fertility clinic between June and December 2015. Patient data included age, body mass index and cause of infertility. On cycle day 3 the following hormone levels were measured: serum levels of anti-Müllerian hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, cancer antigen 125, prolactin, thyroid-stimulating hormone and oestradiol; the number of antral follicles was counted as well. The scanning were performed through 2D and 3D technology transvaginal ultrasound.
Results: Using a Bland-Altman test we demonstrated that both technologies are quite equivalent. However, antral follicle count is higher using 3D ultrasound technology compared to 2D technology (p < 0.001; Wilcoxon test), this finding is mainly remarkable in ovaries with more than 20 antral follicles. Moreover, the mean time required for manual 2D ultrasound and 3D SonoAVC measurements were 275 ± 109 and 103 ± 57 s, respectively (p < 0.001). Serum AMH concentration correlated to the total number of early antral follicles (correlation coefficients = 0.678 and 0.612; p < 0.001 by 2D ultrasound and 3D SonoAVC, respectively; Spearman’s correlation test).
Conclusions: Antral follicle count is better estimated using 3D ultrasound compared to 2D technology. A great advantage of 3D SonoAVC was less time required for an examination and the visual advantage when it need to count more than 20 follicles.
Trial registration: CAAE: 35141114.4.0000.5327. Registered 10 June 2015.?Keywords: Anti-Müllerian hormone, Antral follicle count, Infertility, Transvaginal ultrasound, 3D SonoAVC

P. A. Peres Fagundes , R. Chapon , P. R. Olsen , A. K. Schuster , M. M. C. Mattia and J. S. Cunha-Filho


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